Datum: 21. Juli 2013 Kategorie: ,

Diagnosis of Ischemic Heart Disease with Cardiogoniometry –  Linear discriminant analysis versus Support Vector Machines

The Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is characterized by an insufficient supply with blood of the myocardium usually caused by an artherosclerotic disease of the coronary arteries (coronary artery  disease CAD). The IHD and its consequences have become a leading problem in the industrialized nations. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new diagnosing method, the cardiogoniometry, using two different classifying techniques: the method of linear discriminant function analysis (LDA) and the method of Support Vector Machines (SVM). Data of a group of 109 female subjects (62 healthy, 47 with IHD) were analyzed on the basis of extracted parameters from the three-dimensional vector loops of the heart. The LDA achieved an accuracy of 83,5% (Sensitivity 78,7%, Specificity 87,1%), whereas the SVM achieved an accuracy of 86% (Sensitivity 80,5%, Specificity 89,8%). It could be shown that cardiogoniometry, an electrophysiological diagnostic method performed at rest, detects variables that are helpful in identifying ischemic heart disease. As it is easy to apply, non-invasive, and provides an automated interpretation it may become an inexpensive addition to the cardiologic diagnostic armamentarium, possibly useful for early diagnosis of IHD or CAD, as well as in patients who do not tolerate exercise testing. It was also proven that by applying Support Vector Machines an increased diagnostic precision in comparison to the

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